Network design

The 5 worst home network design mistakes and how to avoid them

We have all encountered home network issues, issues and aggravations while downloading files, streaming video, and having a video conference. What is causing the problem? Is it the ISP service? Is there a line in the neighborhood? Maybe your computer needs some tune-up? Most likely, these Wi-Fi issues stem from errors in the design and installation of the home network.

Maybe technicians from an ISP installed the equipment, or maybe the router is from an online business. This is mistake # 1. It takes much higher quality equipment installed by a knowledgeable professional to have a fast, reliable, consistent, and peace-keeping home network in a home where everyone can work, study and play online at the same time.

Related: Access Networks Launches Enterprise-Grade Wi-Fi 6 Certified Wireless Access Point

Poor, improperly installed equipment is just the tip of the food iceberg. Here are five other home networking problems and how to avoid them.

Home network error # 1

Poor planning (or no plan at all)

You wouldn’t dream of remodeling a kitchen without first making sure there is enough room for new appliances. The same goes for a home network. You need to make sure the home environment is accommodating, and if not, fix or bypass it.

The construction, layout and furnishings of a house can reduce the strength and range of the signal; some electronic devices can generate RF interference, and neighboring networks can steal bandwidth. These roadblocks are invisible to the naked eye, so it is imperative that proper testing and planning take place before equipment installation begins.

Perform a “site survey” to analyze the current Wi-Fi conditions of a home environment. Using a variety of test equipment and software, you can identify weak points, measure data throughput, and identify sources of interference.

No home or network environment is perfect, so don’t worry about the results. A well-designed network of carefully selected and correctly installed products can alleviate problems. But be aware that it will probably take several attempts for the network to function properly.

The makeup of a home, as well as Wi-Fi conditions, can change dramatically as it is built, furniture is added, and the family moves in. Therefore, a professional Wi-Fi design will consist of three phases – one the pre-construction design, the site survey testing during construction, and the validation testing once everything is set up in the house.

Home network error # 2

Incomplete lifestyle audit

It is only when you know exactly what devices in a home will be connected to the Internet, how they will be used, how often they will be used, and who will be using them that a home network system can be properly designed.

How many TVs, computers, tablets, smartphones and other devices are connected? Where and how often will children play? Are big parties and overnight guests the order of the day? Does anyone work from home and if so what kind of devices does they rely on?

The answers to these questions impact product selection, design, configuration and support. Unfortunately, this essential step is often overlooked.

Home network error # 3

The wrong material

Don’t be fooled by the casing of a router or access point. Product A and Product B may look the same on the outside, but on the inside they are very different. Some have built-in technology that allows them to intelligently handle Wi-Fi traffic, but others don’t.

Advanced firewall protection is built into some brands of components, but others don’t. This is not a bad thing; having options is always good. But too often it is wrongly assumed that what works well in one house will work just as well in another.

A basic wireless access point may be sufficient for a small home with minimal internet use, but it struggles to meet the needs of a larger residence with heavy Wi-Fi traffic. The aim is to adapt the products to the application – with an integrated cushion.

Household dynamics are changing (toddlers becoming teenagers, bedrooms being renovated, new mobile devices and audiovisual equipment being added), so it is imperative to have a system that can easily adapt to new demands.

Two practices to ensure sufficient overload: Design the network to support a 20% growth in the number of devices and install wireless access points that comply with the latest Wi-Fi 6 standard.

Home network error # 4

Too complicated configuration

Just because a system supports certain features doesn’t always mean you should use them. The ability to divide a home network into individual VLANs (one for children, another for AV equipment, and a third for guests, for example) can seem like a very organized networking approach. Unfortunately, it is not that simple.

Let’s say that a device on VLAN A sometimes needs to communicate with a device on VLAN B. Sometimes this is just not possible due to the way some devices and applications communicate with each other.

Overengineering a home network system can backfire, creating major problems that are difficult to diagnose and solve.

Home network error # 5

Lack of organization, documentation and protection

It’s easy to plug in a router, switches and access points and call up a completed project. But are these components doing their job? Always go the extra mile by checking and documenting their performance.

For example, if a home network is to support 10 gigabits, any installed cabling should be labeled for easy identification, tested and certified for compliance, and all test results should be documented and recorded for future reference.

All areas that house network equipment should have adequate air circulation and cooling to prevent the devices from overheating. In addition, an in-line double conversion in-line battery backup unit should be added to protect a home network and connected equipment from damage caused by power surges, spikes and other fluctuations in electrical voltage.

An in-line double conversion battery backup supplies the network with constant 120 volts, allowing it to perform optimally and preserve the life of the equipment.

For users of a home network, there is a little information to help prevent future problems. Keep a log of devices on the network, anything added to them, or noticeable changes in performance. By staying organized, so will your network.

If the network needs maintenance or an update, you’ll have all the necessary documentation on hand to help streamline the process.

Adding a quality network is a wise investment. It’s the foundation on which devices connect and communicate, allowing families to fully utilize the functionality of a wide variety of home technologies – laptops, smartphones, tablets, security cameras, audio-visual equipment and a host of devices. others products.

By monitoring and avoiding common mistakes in designing, configuring, and installing a home network, you can ensure optimal performance and enjoyment, ensuring that the investment in an advanced network is worth every penny.

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